Pain in the Bathroom?

Experiencing a burning sensation when urinating can be very uncomfortable. If you are undergoing this, you could be suffering from dysuria. Dysuria is the medical term used to describe the burning sensation experienced when passing urine. Some people feel pain when urinating while others feel pain after urination. On its own, dysuria is more of a symptom than a disease. It is an outward sign showing that there could be more than meets the eye in relation to the urinary tract.

Dysuria is common in both men and women between the ages of 18 and 50 years. If you’re a woman, chances are you will have dysuria at some point in your life. Women are more susceptible to dysuria than men. The clue lies in their anatomy. Women have short urethras which make it easier for bacteria to enter the body and reach the urinary tract, causing havoc. The distance between the vagina and anus also exposes women to higher risks of getting infected.

On the other hand, men have urethras that extend all the way to the tips of their penises. Consequently, bacteria have a harder time moving up the bladder. It is not common for men to get dysuria but the risk increases as they approach the age of 50. When a man suffers from dysuria, it should be taken seriously as it could be triggered by an enlarged prostate.

What Causes Dysuria?

Pain when urinating is mostly a result of a urinary tract infection. Bacteria are often the culprits. Dysuria is commonly caused by bacterial infections in the urinary tract or in the areas surrounding the genitals.

The urinary tract – which includes the kidneys, urethra, ureters, and bladder – is responsible for removing waste from the body. It carries urine from the kidney to the urethra. An infection usually occurs when bacteria invade the tract and overcome the body’s defense system. Kidney problems such as kidney stones and kidney infections may also cause an infection in the urinary tract.

Conditions such as Cystitis in women may lead to dysuria. In men, prostate enlargement or an inflamed urethra may cause dysuria. Other common conditions that may bring about dysuria include cancer, yeast infections, sexually transmitted diseases (STDs), genital herpes, and poor personal hygiene. Some personal care products can also contribute to painful urination.

Symptoms of Dysuria

Many people occasionally experience some discomfort when urinating. Oftentimes, it may be due to irritation and nothing else. But dysuria is easily identifiable. Urinating is something you do on a daily basis and any persisting discomfort or pain will immediately alert you that something is wrong.

Generally, there are symptoms you should look out for before you conclude you have dysuria. The first sign that you may be having dysuria is the pain experienced during or after urination.

Many times you  may urinate just a few drops and then an intense burning or bearing down feeling occurs.  Blood may also be present in the urine with infection.

Sometimes the urge to urinate may be more frequent than usual and you may experience a stinging sensation. Not being able to control your bladder may be another sign. Women may have a smelly discharge during sexual intercourse.

Besides pain, other symptoms of dysuria include:

  • Cloudy urine with a strong odor
  • Bloody urine
  • Pain near the bladder
  • Pain in the upper back
  • Fever and chills
  • Nausea and vomiting
  • Soreness around the urethra
  • Vaginal discharge
  • Itchy vagina
  • Pain during sexual intercourse

If you have these symptoms, you should visit a doctor for further evaluation. Your doctor is likely to carry out many tests because dysuria could be a result of other underlying medical conditions. These tests will verify whether it’s just a simple infection.  

Your doctor may ask you to do a urine test if he thinks you have dysuria. Other conditions such as vaginitis and urethritis may require further testing that involves swabbing the infected area for analysis in the lab. A urinalysis may be performed to determine whether you have a kidney infection. In case you have had unprotected sex with multiple partners, an STD test may be carried out to rule out sexually transmitted diseases. All these tests are done to help identify the primary cause of painful urination.


The most common cause of dysuria is bacterial infection. Many a time, infections are treated with antibiotics. Your doctor is likely to give you antibiotics as treatment. Dysuria has very few complications and will usually clear before you are done with your medications. Pain medications may be prescribed in some situations to help numb the pain in the urinary tract.

In other cases, dysuria treatment is determined by the cause of pain. Painful urination can be a result of inflammation or bladder-related problems. Irritation of the skin may cause inflammation. In such instances, the best remedy is to avoid the things that cause irritation. Bladder-related conditions can be treated by addressing the underlying causes.

Taking plenty of water may ease the discomforts of dysuria. The thought of urinating frequently may be stressing, but drinking lots of water will help you to flush out bacteria from your system.

There are some alternative ideas on how to treat dysuria with a bladder infection.  

Two powerful homeopathic remedies for UTI (Urinary Tract Infection) are Arsenicum Album and Cantharis.

Drinking copious amounts of water is very helpful during this experience.

Some people will use cranberry capsules on a regular basis if they have a history of urinary tract infections.

If you try anything alternative and do not experience  great improvement within 24 hours please see a doctor.  Also, if you have any fever  SEE A DOCTOR as you could have kidney involvement.


The following tips can help you to prevent dysuria.

  • Keep bacteria at bay by taking plenty of water.
  • Practice safe sex. It will help curb the spread of bacteria.
  • Women are advised to use sanitary towels instead of tampons.
  • Practice personal hygiene.
  • Avoid things that irritate your bladder. Wearing tight-fitting inner clothes and washing your genitals with perfumed shower gels may cause skin irritation.
  • Women should wipe their private parts front to back.
  • Eat healthy.
  • Urinate as soon as you feel the urge.
  • Wear well-fitting inner clothes and make sure they are 100% cotton.
  • Although this is controversial some say that women should avoid vaginal douching as it may introduce bacteria.

Stay Safe

Although dysuria may not be a medical emergency, seeking medical attention must be a priority. Timely treatment can prevent the infection from spreading to other areas of the urinary tract such as the kidneys. It is better to be safe than to regret later.

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Author: Esateys Stuchiner

Esateys (pronounced Ee sáh teez) is an International Life Transformational Speaker, Author, Master Facilitator, Life Coach and Expert in the Human condition. She is a Nationally and Board Certified Nurse Practitioner. For over 30 years, she has practiced, taught and lectured extensively in the allopathic and alternative medicine field.

Esateys is known for her groundbreaking work in the areas of personal empowerment and health restoration using mindset and inner connection as the catalyst for all change.

Esateys describes herself as the ‘Architect of the New You’ and has dedicated her life and professional career to helping her clients create “New Beginnings” by facilitating self empowerment, economic freedom and restored health.

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